The pool owners face tremendous problems if the algae growth occurs in your pool. These have a tendency to grow rapidly with the sunlight and photosynthesize to multiply.
Nuisance is the right word what they cause to your pool. The pools remain underutilized if they tend to grow more. Its obvious that the microscopic problem of your lovely pool increases and getting rid of it remains the only option then. The algae formation is nasty and debilitating and none of like to be a part of that pool where these algae grow. A bit of debris or cloudiness in the pond can be overlooked or ignored but algae if grows for too long can be hazardous for you and your pool. Though, not harmful but algae certainly are a nuisance for the ponds and pools.
Some measures that can prevent them are discussed in our article today.
Before We Clear Them From Our Pond Or Pool, We Should Be Aware Of The Types Of Algae.
Brown Algae or Diatoms
Diatoms are little animals that are responsible for the formation of brown algae. These Bacillariophyta are formed in places that have fresh water. Structurally, very small only the microscope can make you see them. They are brown in color and that is why named so. The removal technique of this algae is different than others. Clumpy patches that are soft brown may form in artificial plants and things present in water. A little rubbing can be done to remove them.
This alga is responsible for the pool’s chemistry as are a food factory of plants and animals that reside in the pool. The pond gets the water supply from various places (residential and commercial) and this leads to the multiplication of this algae on a wider basis. The aquatic eco-system is being balanced by these. The nutrition is obtained by these algae from the water itself.
These algae are like microscopic plants (colonies), that may form as floating mats on the surface of water or objects. Structurally, they are thread or mesh like and are the cause of water clogging or stagnancy. Like the Planktonic ones they form food for plants and animals in water and get the nutrition from water itself. These algae are root less and are formed in water due to the supply from commercial or residential areas. The months that are warm may lead to the formation of this algae on the hard surfaces or the water top. The fertilization of lawns and wastes by animals can make them grow faster by increasing their growth.
The Black Algae is responsible for making its own food and leads to its multiplication at the peak. These algae have roots and make their space deep into the surfaces of the pond, even the concrete ones. They need aggressive treatment for removal otherwise will grow to its peak. Even the hanging roots should also be removed for curbing its growth. The other technical name of this is cyanobacteria.
Green, Blue Algae
This algae as the name suggests is green in color and chlorophyll is responsible for its color. Like the Filamentous algae this also floats on water and tends to give a green shade to it. This is slimy on structure and attaches itself to the walls and floor of the pool. Looks unpleasant and grows in unclean and un sanitized pools or ponds faster. This chlorophyta needs to be removed for hygienic purposes and removing the cloudiness of the pool.
How does algae grow?
The algae have the tendency to grow vigorously and rapidly when the water isn’t circulated, sanitized or filtered in a proper way. The sunlight is responsible of its growth and like the other plants they also photosynthesize and intake carbon dioxide and release oxygen as its by product. The clogging and stagnancy of the pool takes place due to algae formation and the E-coli bacteria may develop so. This is the reason why pool appears green? and unpleasant when the algae spread itself in the water.
If the water has high Ph and phosphate, low chlorine levels then the algae is sure to her home in the water. A combination of nitrogen, phosphate, water and CO2 with sunlight make these grow at a faster pace.
What does algae feed upon?
Sunny days are more supportive for the algae growth than winter months. Like plants they also photosynthesize and prepare food. Nitrogen also an important ingredient that is required by the algae as their food. They need carbon dioxide for making food and phosphate is another thing that they consume. Main content is the water they rely upon for multiplying, though in dry state also they can work for some weeks.
Treating algae naturally in the pond
As discussed above also the pond adds aesthetic to your home and keeping it clean becomes your responsibility and duty. You can keep it clean by treating it naturally, mechanically or by using chemicals. Everyone wants to gaze at a pond that is clean and not green and nasty. So regular cleaning becomes of prime importance.
Using a skimmer to clean algae
The simplest way is to use a skimmer and with the help of its net remove the algae. The outcome of this is very fast and makes the pond look clean. The algae can be pulled out with the help of net in less time. Though, this is not a permanent solution.
A long-term benefit can’t be gained with this as the algae may be removed once but will grow again.
Plantation of aquatic plants for absorbing nutrients that form algae
The algae get most of the nutrition from water and this can be stopped to a certain limit by planting some water plats for absorbing nutrients and leaving no nutrition for the algae to feed upon. The pond will look more wonderful when plants such as lily pads, watercress, cattails or more are added to it.
- You can do a research and find the best marine plants in the nursery nearby.
- About 60 % of the water surface can be covered with this with ease.
- Algae eating mammals can be added to the pond
The algae are supposed to be the lowest of the food chain levels that can be eaten by animals. If these are added to the pond then the algae can be eaten by these mammals and will keep your pond clean and appealing. Suckermouth catfish feeds on algae and the pleco (omnivorous) also feeds on algae and insects. These can be added to your pond water for curbing their growth.
Tadpoles can also be introduced to your pond for eating mosquitoes.
The fish shouldn’t be overfed
One can’t consume food more than one’s capacity, similarly if you over feed your fish then the extra food may settle on the water bottom motivating the algae to grow and grow. Five minutes is the ideal time when the fish needs to be fed. The leftover food may cause food to stale and rot, thereby making the algae spread.
1. The food packet can provide you with the relevant instructions regarding the fish feed.
2. You can sprinkle some food on the water surface and monitor how much the fish consumes along with the time.
Using Mechanical and Chemical solutions for treating water algae
Regular cleaning of your filter system
- The filtration system of the pond should be done on a regular basis. If the algae tend to grow in routine then you should clean the filter more often for preventing the algae to make their home. The manual or the instructions can be gone through for filter cleaning, and that too once in a month.
- Some ponds don’t own a filtration system as isn’t necessary but having one will help in keeping it clean certainly.
- Some pond owners have huge mechanical filters that may require a garden hose for filtering and clearing the water. The back washing becomes a must this way.
- The smaller filters can be cleaned with water (non-chlorinated) after removing it to get away from dust, grime or dirt.
- Ensure to keep the pond filter away from pond while cleaning. As your efforts may not go waste if the bad water comes back to the pond.
Installing a bubble aerator
Lack of water movement or circulation can invite algae growth and this can be improved with a simple technique. You can buy a bubble aerator and position it in the pond’s depth and this will help in aerating water and the algae growth will be prevented with water movement. You can easily get a fine bubble aerator in your near by store or can order online, as per your convenience. This is extremely important for maximizing the movement of water.
Using an ultra-violet light sterilizer
Pond filters are also equipped with ultra-violet light sterilizers these days, and you can buy one for breaking and treating algae. The water can be sterilised with this and in a time span of 4 to 5 days the algae will break and the water will appear clear. Ultra violet light works effectively for killing and damaging the algae and bacteria.
- The filters with these features may be expensive but on the other hand are effective too.
- Any beneficial pond bacteria or material that are organic may be destroyed with the sterilizer.
- You can buy these filters from anywhere as are readily available online too.
Use of water algaecides to treat water
The algaecides or herbicides can be used to treat algae in the pond. These are specially designed to for this and have apt chemicals for killing and removing algae. Ensure that your herbicide contains copper and then can be sprayed on the surface of water for treating it. A time span of 4 to 10 days will help in killing the algae. If you have no other options then you can use these chemicals to treat your pond or pool.
- The instructions on the manual should be strictly adhered too as these algaecides may harm other plants or creatures in the pond.
- Even the local regulations of the region you stay should be known before and a permit can be taken before treating your pool.
- Excess can prove dangerous for your pond or wildlife inside; it is recommended that the instructions should be followed strictly.
Removing algae without harming fish
Your pond is the home of the fish and the most natural ways such as using floating plants, barley straws, pool filtration, usage of no harmful chemicals will not harm your fish in the pond while you clean. The algae can be treated in many ways and a lot has been discussed in this article. In case you use any chemicals follow the instructions properly. Excess of fish should not form a part of your pond as they need adequate space to move and breathe.
Remove and treat the algae carefully without harming the living creatures in it. You can make a room for your fish (temporary water arrangement) while you do pool backwashing or filtration and later can put them back in the pond.
Stop The Formation Of Algae With Some More Methods
Adding a border or rim around your pond
This may be an underlying reason that some extra water might be entering inside your pool and providing more nutrition to the algae for growth. This can be controlled by a DIY technique and you can make a rim or border of about one inch around your pond. This will stop the extra water to flow in the pool.
This will also prevent the entry of any harmful chemicals, herbicides or pesticides to enter your pond. For overall hygiene purposes and the health of other things in the pond, this is very important and will prove beneficial in every way.
Limiting the sunlight of the pond
As you are aware by now that sunlight is like a boost for algae growth, and in case you are planning for a new one then a shady area with less sunlight should be preferred. A shade mat, tall wall or an area with more shade around can be chosen for constructing the pond.
Building a pond near trees is not a good idea as this may make the pool messy and dirty with twigs and fallen leaves. This in turn may invite more algae formation and increase your cleaning hassles more frequent.You can buy any shade mats or sails from a near by store or online as this is the most effective idea that will prevent the algae formation in the pond.
Coloring the pond with a dye that absorbs less heat
This is another great idea to color your pool bottom with a dye and make the sunlight absorption least. The manual instructions should be followed in this case and can be used for your pond’s benefit.
You can buy a quality dye from any speciality store or order online. The pond sizes vary so the instructions by the manufacturer should be read and implied as overdyeing may cause harm.
Keeping ponds, pools or even aquariums clean and hygienic is a must. You can confidently follow the steps and techniques mentioned in the article to keep your pond fresh and algae free.
How satisfying and happy it is, to have a sight of the pond that has clean water and no green or brown algae. Keep you pond sparkling clean, healthy and algae free by following regular cleaning ways.